Homeworld: Unknown planet, later Planet Vegeta
Average Height: Similar to the average Human
Sapience Level: Sapient
Naturally aggressive, Saiyans are a warrior race which are almost destroyed by Frieza. The name of the race is actually an anagram of Yasai, Japans word for vegetable, and Yajin, Japans word for wild man. Most Saiyans in the series are named after vegetables as a pun. They live in rocky homes on Planet Plant. This is not their home world which is rumored to be destroyed, but possibly still out there as well. They renamed Planet Plant to Planet Vegeta after their leader King Vegeta.
The Saiyan race has an extremely powerful army. Age 737, that army came under the control of Nappa. He is said to be the most powerful general of the army. Frieza used the Saiyan army to conquer a lot of planets when they were employed under the Planet Trade Organization. There are several ranks in the army based mostly on the Saiyan’s power level. Only two ranks are ever mentioned: Elites and Low-Class.Toriyama did confirm that there is another rank called Mid-Class in an interview. The Low-Class rank makes up most of the Saiyan army while there are only about ten Mid-Class rank spaces. King Vegeta and Prince Vegeta are teh only two Saiyan Warriors classified under Elite rank. Saiyan’s can be promoted within the army, granted their power level rises. Frieza destroyed what is known as teh last of the Saiyan race with the exception of Prince Vegeta, Nappa, and Raditz. Of course, secretly Goku is a survivor as well.
The Saiyan race has always been a very violent. They are constantly getting into fights with other races and taking over. The legend of the first Super Saiyan is the oldest tale told by the Saiyan race. A thousand years before the Namek Saga, a Saiyan held the Super Saiyan form only while in the Big Ape Transformation. He gave into his primitive self and destroyed everything in sight. He destroyed himself in the end.
In the Age of 550, Saiyans had found a planet worth calling home, Planet Plant. They shared this planet with the Tuffles. While the Saiyan’s stayed in the wasteland areas, the Tuffles were better fitted for city life. The Saiyans may have become jealous and eventually attacked the Tuffes, vowing to take their city and destroy their race. This war lasted ten years. King Vegeta was the commanding hero who brought the Tuffles down. The planet was renamed to Planet Vegeta.
After the war with the Tuffles, the Saiyans were approached by the Arcosian race. They came to them to hire them to take over a suitable planet for them. In exchange they gave them money and the taught them how to use the Tuffles technology. Over the years the Saiyan race became smarter, but still held onto their destructive lust.
The Planet Vegeta came into Frieza’s control about a year after the war with the Tuffles. They became part of Frieza’s military. Since they were an extremely powerful and destructive race, Frieza used them as mercenaries and important missions. Frieza became concerned with their ability to become powerful quickly. Even worse, he feared the legendary Super Saiyan. This eventually led to the Saiyans destruction in the Age of 737. The three known survivors were lied to and told an asteroid took out Planet Vegeta. Goku finally avenged the Saiyan race by defeating Frieza on Planet Namek. Future Trunks eventually finished Frieza off not too long after on Planet Earth.
Other known survivors are Turles, Paragus, Broly, Tarble, and Onio.
Physiology and Tail
Saiyans are very similar to humans in outward appearance. They do have a larger build, both male and female, and of course their signature monkey tail. Their hair are mostly black with the few exceptions of brown, blonde, and blue. The Pure-Bloods hair stays the same from the day they are born according to Vegeta. They can, however, cut their hair as Nappa and Vegeata are shown doing. Facial hair can grow on a Saiyan.
Their tails are very sensitive. They are usually the brownish style of a monkey. They can train their tail to be less sensitive. If they do not, the tail can cause great pain and even immobilize them if grabbed or harmed. They can also use the tail to grab things. Most Saiyan warriors keep their tail wrapped around them. If they do not do this, they can lose balance if the tail is cut off.
Their tail is very unique to the Saiyan race. It gives them ability to transform into the Great Ape. This only occurs when exposed to the full moon’s Blutz Waves. The only way to stop them is either wait it out or cut the tail off. Their tail can grow back unless it is surgically removed like Goku’s and Gohan’s. It is said that if the Saiyan is in danger, their tail will grow back quicker.
Saiyan’s share a common personality. They would rather be fighting and creating chaos than have peace. Goku has a strong taste for fighting himself even after having amnesia. He uses it as a sport rather than an instinct though. Other Saiyans are extremely hot-headed, aggressive, and even hard-headed. Sometimes they just battle for fun with each other. They make rash decisions due to the fact they let their emotions get in the way. They are egotistical as well. Other than the royal blood line, romance and marriage are not really a thing for the Saiyans. Their are a select few who actually care such as Bardock, Goku’s father.
They are naturally a strong race, especially since fighting is in their blood. An average Saiyan has a power level from 400 to 660. They can have a power level from 1,200 to 18,000 though. They can lift more than ten times their own weight with no problem. Planet Vegeta is a high gravity planet and therefore they develop their strength quicker. They can level up quickly by tough training sessions. Their body compensates if theyare close to death and recover by becoming even stronger. They can heal at a faster rate than humans as well.
They can manipulate ki energy very easily. They use it to fly and create attacks that are energy based. They can also lend energy to fellow fighters when needed. They can regain their lost energy in a short time.
They also have great agility and speed. Their reflexes are faster than most humans so much so that they can avoid a bullet with no problem. They are extremely quick and can not be seen by an average human. Since they are so fast, most of their battles are hand-to-hand combat.
The average Saiyan has a huge appetite. They can eat between 30 to 40 meals a day on average. Since they use so much strength and power, it is easy to see why they have such a huge appetite. It is often shown in the anime, Goku eats plate after plate without feeding his hunger. Their appetite can be a bad thing though. If they go too long without eating, it weakness them enormously.
Lifespan and Growth
Saiyans live on average 70 to 90 years. Their peak, however, is much longer than humans. They remain in their prime much longer since they are built for fighting. Their physique keeps them young. This is greatly seen in Dragon Ball GT when Pan, 1/4 Saiyan, is 100 years old and is still strong as ever with only a few grey hairs. Their lifespan is longer than humans, but since they are an aggressive race they die younger. Goku is a great example of their growth rate. He looks considerably younger that Chi Chi in Dragon Ball GT (before he was turned into a child).
Humans and Saiyans can interbreed as shown originally with Gohan. Since all the remaining Saiyans are mostly males, this is useful in continuing the race. Their offspring usually possess the same abilities as a Saiyan only sometimes weaker. They lack instinct for combat and the drive for it as well. As far as we know, Gohan is the only hybrid shown with a tail. The others could have been removed at birth though. Those that are born without a tail, like Pan, cannot transform. This is called into question with Goku Jr and Vegeta Jr being able to transform into a Super Saiyan.
The hybrids have their special abilities though. The three to transform into Super Saiyan did it at younger ages than Goku and Vegeta. The latter two treated it as a child’s play thing though. Gohan surpassed Goku by reaching Super Saiyan 2 first as well. If they do not use their power continuously, they can lose it.
With the help of their tail, the Saiyans can transform into a giant ape like creature. They possess a strong lust of destruction. They have tremendous power and size as well. This all occurs when looking at a full moon. Of course they have to have their tail attached as well. They have limited control in this state and can only be stopped by daylight or cutting the tail off.
A Golden Great Ape appears in Dragon Ball GT. It is a far powerful state and they appear to be golden. Goku, Vegeta, and Baby Vegeta are the only Saiyans to achieve this form.
The Super Saiyan is a very powerful state. Their speed, energy, and strength all increase when they transform. There are several different Super Saiyan stages, each stronger than the last. The stages have different appearances as well, mostly in hair. A female Super Saiyan has never been seen.
List of Saiyans
One of the survivors of the Saiyan race. His name was once Kakarot.
Bardock and Gine
Goku and Raditz parents.
He is the brother of Goku and the first Saiyan to contact Goku. He is killed by Goku and Piccolo.
Bardock’s Team Members: Borgos, Fasha, Gine (former), Shugesh, Tora
He is Goku’s greatest rival and Prince of Saiyans. He has a huge ego.
He is the father of Vegeta and Tarble. Frieza kills him.
He is Vegeta’s brother and is excommunicated for not having a fighting spirit.
One of King Vegeta’s subjects.
He is the Legendary Super Saiyan.
He is Broly’s father and is killed by him.
He is Vegeta’s partner and the General of the Saiyan military force. Vegeta ends up killing him.
He is a Saiyan that appeared in the manga Nekomajin
He bears a striking resemblance to Goku.
1/2, Vegeta’s Daughter
1/2, Goku’s Oldest Son
1/16, Goku’s Great-Great-Great Grandson
1/2, Goku’s Youngest Son
1/4, Gohan’s Daughter
1/2, Veget’s Son
1/16, Vegeta’s Great-Great-Grandson